Hot summers can be lovely, providing you have the opportunity to enjoy them and are able to cool down and remain well hydrated.
Nose bleeds and fainting are particular problems in the hot weather and surviving the hot weather can be particularly difficult if fasting:
Nose bleeds – how to help
Nose bleeds are frequent problems in hot weather as the small blood vessels in noses can dilate and burst when they get warm. They are particularly prevalent for small children, pregnant ladies and also when undertaking sport or additional exertion in the heat.
If someone has a nose bleed:
- Sit them down.
- Grab something to catch the blood.
- Lean them forward pinching the bridge of the nose. Leaning them forward whilst applying pressure to the nose will allow you to see when the bleeding has stopped and will avoid the blood trickling down the back of their throat which could make them sick. You should apply pressure to try and push the leaking blood vessel against the inside of the nose to stop it bleeding.
- Keep changing your grip until you have got to a point where no blood is coming out.
- Keep applying pressure for at least 10 minutes.
- Release pressure slightly and if it starts to bleed again hold for another 10 minutes and then another.
If it really won’t stop bleeding you will need medical help.
Advise them not to pick, poke or blow the nose. If it starts again you will have to apply pressure once more.
If the nose bleed has been caused by trauma, or a punch in the face, controlling the bleeding may be difficult but you need to try as loss of blood is dangerous. You should apply a wrapped ice pack, keep applying pressure and get medical help immediately.
Fainting is a brief loss of consciousness caused by a temporary reduction to the blood flow of the brain.
Lie them down and raise their legs.
Fainting can be a reaction to pain, lack of food, exhaustion or emotional stress. People often feel faint because it is warm or they have been exercising and then stop; the small blood vessels in their skin have become dilated and the blood begins to pool in their feet. Lying down and raising the legs will improve the circulation and redirect the blood to the brain. They should begin to feel better or regain consciousness quickly – if they don’t, you will need to put them into the recovery position.
They may need to eat and drink something in order to recover completely. If you are concerned that the collapse may be due to anything other than a faint (such as a stroke), or they have injured themselves when they fell – get medical assistance.
Health advice for people fasting in hot weather:
Hot weather brings additional challenges to people wishing to observe their fast during Ramadan. The key advice is to be sensible and don’t put your health at risk. The following articles contain really helpful advice in remaining healthy whilst fasting
Asthma and Fasting is a great article containing key advice from Asthma.org.uk for people with Asthma wishing to observe Ramadan
Medical Advice if Fasting is another article you may find useful on this topic
It is strongly advised that you attend a Practical First Aid course to understand what to do in a medical emergency. Please visit firstaidforlife.org.uk firstname.lastname@example.org or tel 0208 675 4036 for more information about our courses. First Aid for life provides this information for guidance and it is not in any way a substitute for medical advice. First Aid for Life is not responsible or liable for any diagnosis made, or actions taken based on this information.