Keeping children safe

 

The Child Accident Prevention Trust (CAPT) analysed data on England’s deaths and hospital admissions for five years from 2008-12 and found the following horrifying statistics.

  • There were approximately 40,000 emergency hospital admissions for under 5s each year as a result of an accident in the home.
  • An average of 62 deaths each year.

Identifying the most likely causes of injury and prevention is obviously the priority. However this article also contains First Aid advice and free resources showing you how to help with these accidents.

The top causes of serious injuries and fatalities were as follows and many of these could have been prevented:

  1. Choking, suffocation and strangulation
  2. Falls
  3. Poisoning
  4. Burns and scalds
  5. Drowning

Choking, suffocation and strangulation

These 3 were responsible for the largest number of deaths.

Choking was predominantly due to food, but small toys were also a risk. Never leave your child unsupervised when eating.

Suffocation most frequently occurred in bed, as a result of pillows or a parent squashing them

The most common cause of strangulation was loose blind cords, but ribbons and bags should never be left on the side of a cot.

How to help your choking child

First Aid for Choking

 

How to help your choking baby

choking

 

Please click here to access our free choking course

 

Falls

Falls were responsible for the most accident related hospital admissions for under 5s – nearly 20,000 each year!

They were predominantly caused by the following:

  • Falls from furniture
  • Falling downstairs
  • Falls whilst being carried
  • Falls from windows or balconies.

How to help your child after a fall

The most important things to look out for after a fall are head and spinal injuries and recognising signs of shock that could indicate internal bleeding or some other serious problem. It is important to understand when and how to move someone if they have fallen.

Generally, only move someone who has fallen if they are in immediate danger or if they are unconscious and breathing and you are concerned about their airway.

Log roll with a suspected spinal injury

Click the picture to watch a video about when and how to move someone with a suspected spinal injury

 

Poisoning

About 21,000 under 5s attend A&E annually as a result of poisoning.

The main causes are medicines (70%) and household chemicals which result in about 20% of these admissions. Other causes are small button batteries and electronic cigarette refills.

Admissions due to poisoning are on the increase.

First Aid for Poisoning

poisoning low res

Click on the picture above to watch a video about First Aid for poisoning

 

Burns and Scalds

One year olds are the most likely to be burnt and this is primarily due to hot drinks, pots and pans and bath water. Burns from hair straighteners are also relatively common as such items stay hot for such a long time. It is important not to underestimate the dangers posed by radiators and heated towel rails.

How to help your child if they have been burnt

First Aid for Burns - how to reduce pain and scarring

 

Drowning

Drowning was one of the highest causes of death. For very young children the main risk was the bath.

Babies and Toddlers can drown in as little as 5cm of water. They do not make any noise, do not struggle and just slip away. Therefore, there is no warning to alert you to the problem.

drowning - first aid, how to help

Click the picture above to watch First Aid for drowning

 

essential first aid all ages

 

About us

Written by Emma Hammett

First Aid for Life provide award-winning first aid training tailored to your needs. Please visit our site and learn more about our practical and online courses. It is vital to keep your skills current and refreshed. We are currently providing essential training for individuals and groups across the UK. In addition, we have a great range of online courses. These are ideal as refreshers for regulated qualifications or as Appointed Person qualifications.

You can attend a fully regulated Practical or Online First Aid course to understand what to do in a medical emergency. Please visit https://firstaidforlife.org.uk or call 0208 675 4036 for more information about our courses.

First Aid for Life is a multi-award-winning, fully regulated first aid training provider. Our trainers are highly experienced medical, health and emergency services professionals. They will tailor the training to your needs. Courses for groups or individuals at our venue or yours.

First Aid for life provides this information for guidance only. It is not in any way a substitute for medical advice. We are not responsible or liable for any diagnosis made, or actions taken on this information.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Information - As Essential First Aid Training We Continue to Run Face-to-Face First Aid, Blended and Online Courses. Click here to learn more...

choking child

FREE online choking course

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